Louisiana History, continued...

Early European settlement, land disputes between British, Spanish, French and Natives, New Orleans founded, Slaves imported, agricultural industry established.

  • 1700 - 1716 First Forts Founded: Fort Maurepas, Fort St. Jean Baptiste, Fort Rosalie
  • 1718 - New Orleans Founded
  • 1719 - first large importation of black slaves
  • 1729 - 1731 Natchez Indians massacre 250 at Ft Rosalie, Natchez Defeated by French forces
  • 1751 - Sugar Cane introduced
  • 1762 - 1762 Treaty of Fontainebleau and Treaty of Paris end 7 years War and cede lands west of Mississippi to Spain
  • 1766 - 1768 1st governor of Louisiana is Antonio de Ulloa
  • 1769 - 1777 Spanish government further established, state schools built, participation in American Revolution
  • 1778 - 1799 - First  Diocese of Louisiana and the Floridas established, St. Louis Cathedral dedicated,  A slave uprising in Pointe Coupee Parish suppressed, Treaty of San Lorenzo gives Americans free navigation of the Mississippi River. Etienne de Bore develops a process for making sugar from Louisiana cane.

Region goes from Spanish to French to US to Confederate to US control, Slave Uprisings and Race Riots, First LA College established in New Orleans, Yellow fever and Cholera outbreaks, Hurricanes, Steamboats, Railroad, Natural Gas is discovered, Civil War, Reconstruction.

  • 1800 - Treaty of San Ildefonso provides for Spanish cession of Louisiana to France.
  • 1803 - Louisiana Purchase – Napoleon sells the Louisiana to the US for $15 Million dollars; sale prompts increase westward migration.
  • 1810 - A census is taken--population is ~76,556-- and a constitutional convention is held.
  • 1811 - A massive slave uprising in St. Charles and St. John the Baptist parishes suppressed.  First institution of higher learning opens in New Orleans (College of Orleans)
  • 1812 - Louisiana is admitted to the Union as 18th state.
  • 1815 – 1831- Battle of New Orleans is won by General Andrew Jackson; Adams-Onís Treaty;  First natural gas field is discovered in Louisiana; Severe storms and floods batter New Orleans; Pontchartrain Railroad begins operation with steam locomotive; Workers build the New Basin Canal
  • 1818, 1832, 1847, 1853, 1873- Epidemics of yellow fever and cholera kill more than 25,000 people.
  • 1837 -1849 Shreveport is founded; First Mardi Gras parade is held in New Orleans; The U.S. Mint is built in New Orleans; Baton Rouge becomes capital of Louisiana
  • 1861 - 1865 Louisiana secedes from the union the Civil War begins and ends.  New Orleans is captured, Reconstruction begins.
  • 1868 - Louisiana is re-admitted to the Union; Louisiana's Reconstruction constitution adopted.
  • 1873 - April - Colfax Riot: A pitched battle between whites and blacks that ended in a massacre that killed 25 blacks. In all - at least 63 and quite possibly more than 100 African-American men died violently during the riot.
  • 1894 - March 12 -Edward Douglass White appointed to the United States Supreme Court.

Jazz, race riots and civil rights, oil and mining, floods and flood prevention, political scandal, assassination, international trade, government corruption, desegregation, industrial boom, natural catastrophes.

  • 1901 - 1926 The first oil is discovered in Louisiana;  Commercial mining of sulphur begun near Sulphur, Louisiana, Louisiana's last yellow fever epidemic occurs; Edward Douglass White appointed Chief Justice of the United States.  Natural gas is discovered near Monroe; a new constitution is adopted, the first Louisiana airport is made
  • 1932 - 1939 New capitol is completed in Baton Rouge; Bonnie and Clyde gunned down by law enforcement; US Senator Huey Long shot in Baton Rouge on the steps of the state capitol, dies 2 days later; Political scandals force resignation of Governor Richard W. Leche.
  • 1947 - First commercial producing oil well drilled in gulf.
  • 1960 - 1963 November - Two public schools in Orleans Parish desegregated; Tulane University accepts five black students, the first in its history
  • 1975 - The Super Dome in New Orleans is completed, with a final cost of $163M.
  • 1977 - Ernest Morial is elected mayor of New Orleans, becoming the city's first black mayor
  • 1985 - 1987 Governor Edwards indicted and acquitted on federal racketeering charges; Governor Edwards acquitted of all charges; Louisiana celebrates the 175th anniversary of its admission into the Union; Pope John Paul II visits New Orleans.
  • 1988 - Republican National Convention meets in New Orleans.
  • 1989 - Former Ku Klux Klan grand wizard David Duke elected to legislature.
  • 1996 - Legislature passes concealed weapons and tort reform laws.

Hurricane Katrina makes landfall in 2005 and devastated the city of New Orleans and the neighboring parishes; seemingly destroying a city, killing and injuring thousands and displacing millions of people.  Rebuilding efforts continue to this day, and the region is again on the rise.