Delaware Court Records

The Delaware Judicial Branch consists of (from top to bottom) Supreme Court, Court of Chancery, Superior Court, Family Court, Court of Common Pleas, Justice of the Peace and Alderman's Courts, and related agencies. Those agencies include the Administrative Office of the Courts, Board of Bar Examiners, Commission on Continuing Legal Education, Lawyer's Fund for Client Protection, Office of Disciplinary Counsel, Child Placement Review Board, Office of the Child Advocate, and the Public Guardian. Most parts of the Delaware judicial system are funded by the state with the exceptions of the Alderman's Courts, the Registers of Wills for the Court of Chancery and the Sheriff's Offices.

Types and structure of courts in DE:

Justice of the Peace Court is Delaware's lowest court and has jurisdiction over Civil Cases of $15,000 or less, certain misdemeanors and vehicular cases (excluding felonies) and may act as 'committing magistrate' over all criminal cases. 'Permissible Appeals' from this court will usually go first to the Court of Common Pleas, with the exception of 'juvenile delinquency for contempt of court related to truancy proceedings' which go to Family Court.

The Court of Common Pleas has jurisdiction in civil cases where the damages or amount in dispute is not more than $50,000, all misdemeanors except certain drug-related and traffic offenses. This court is also responsible for all preliminary hearings in felony cases and appeals go to the Superior Court.

The Family Court has jurisdiction over all family and juvenile matters. All civil appeals, including those relating to juvenile delinquency, go directly to the Supreme Court while criminal cases are appealed to the Superior Court.

The Superior Court is Delaware's court of general jurisdiction and has original jurisdiction over criminal and civil cases with the exception of equity cases. This court has exclusive jurisdiction over felonies and almost all drug offenses (with the exception of those that can be heard by lower courts).  The Superior Court's authority to award damages is not limited by a monetary maximum in civil matters. The Superior Court also serves as an intermediate appellate court by hearing appeals on the record from the Court of Common Pleas, the Family Court (in criminal cases), and a number of administrative agencies. Appeals from the Superior Court generally go to the Supreme Court.

The Court of Chancery has jurisdiction to hear all matters relating to equity. In simple terms, litigation in this tribunal deals mainly with corporate matters, trusts, estates, other financial matters, land and contractual matters.  Appeals from the Court of Chancery generally go to the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court is the state's highest court and receives direct appeals from the Court of Chancery, the Superior Court, and the Family Court. Also, as administrative head of the courts, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court along with his/ her colleagues sets administrative policy for the rest of the court system.

Justice of the Peace Court  - Locations and Jurisdictions Index

Court of Common Pleas   - Locations Index

Family Court

  • New Castle County Courthouse - 500 North King Street | Wilmington DE 19801 | P: (302) 255-0300
  • Kent County - 400 Court Street | Dover DE 19901 | P: (302) 672-1000
  • Sussex County - 22 The Circle | Georgetown DE 19947 | P: (302) 855-7400

Child Protection Registry

Electronic Copies of Court Hearings

Superior Court

Court of Chancery  - Locations Index

Supreme Court  - Locations Index

Online access to court records:

Online Court Opinions- ALL COURTS Criminal/ Civil

Calendars - ALL COURTS

Online Forms - ALL COURTS